Frontend Vs Backend: Find Out Which One Is For You !

By – HtmlCssMonk

If you are interested in Web Development, you have definitely came across the terms “front-end” and “back-end”. These terms are very crucial for web development but are quite different from each other. Each side needs to communicate and operate effectively with the other as a single unit to improve the website’s functionality. 

Let’s begin from the beginning.

Web Development

Web development is the building and maintenance of websites; it’s the work that happens behind the scenes to make a website look great, work fast and perform well with a seamless user experience.

Web developers do this by using a variety of coding languages. The languages they use depends on the types of tasks they are preforming and the platforms on which they are working.

The field of web development is generally broken down into front-end and back-end. Let’s dive into the details.

The front end, also called “client-side” programming, is what happens in the browser. It’s everything the user sees and interacts with.

The back end, also called “server-side” programming, happens on the server and the database. It’s the machinery that works behind the scenes to power those fancy features users interact with on the client-side.

Frontend Development

Front end development is the part of web development that codes and creates front end elements of a website, which are features that are directly viewable and accessible by the end-user or client. Essentially, a front end developer is responsible for everything you see and works to enhance the user experience to ensure it is seamless. They help create the overall design and aesthetic, in addition to debugging and using static code analysis.

Also Read: How to Become a Successful Front End Developer

Frontend Development languages

The front end portion is built by using some languages like –

  • HTML: HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to design the front end portion of web pages using markup language. HTML is the combination of Hypertext and Markup language. Hypertext defines the link between the web pages. The markup language is used to define the text documentation within tag which defines the structure of web pages.
  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheets fondly referred to as CSS is a simply designed language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. CSS allows you to apply styles to web pages. More importantly, CSS enables you to do this independent of the HTML that makes up each web page.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a famous scripting language used to create the magic on the sites to make the site interactive for the user. It is used to enhancing the functionality of a website to running cool games and web-based software.

Frontend Frameworks and Libraries

  • React
  • Angular
  • Vue.js
  • jQuery
  • Ember.js
  • Backbone.js
  • Semantic-UI
  • Foundation
  • Svelte

Also Read : 8 Best CSS Frameworks You will Love in 2021

Frontend Developer Skills

Front end developers are responsible for implementing visual components on a website as well as interactive features like navigation, buttons, or anything that enhances overall usability.

  • Some of the skills required for a front end developer job include:
  • A good grasp of front end programming languages.
  • The ability to create a responsive design.
  • A knowledge of testing and debugging.
  • An understanding of front end development tools and features like automation, content management systems, version control systems, APIs, and frameworks.

Frontend Jobs

  • Front End Developer
  • CSS/HTML Developer
  • Front End Web Designer
  • Front End SEO Expert
  • UI Developer

Frontend Development Salary

USA : The average front end developer salary in the US is around $119,200 and ranges anywhere from $95,700-$140,000. Their average salary is $144,200 in New York, $149,400 in San Francisco, and $130,400 in Seattle. Salaries are often based on a combination of education, experience, and industry.

India : If you are just entering the job market and have little to no experience, you can expect to earn around Rs. 3,00,000 per annum including bonuses and incentives. A front end developer with 1-4 years of experience receives around 4,50,000 per annum as compensation. With an experience of 5-9 years, you can easily make around Rs. 8,44,000 per annum.

Backend Development

Back end development is aptly named for web development that occurs at the back end of programs. In contrast to front end development, which focuses on customer-facing products and programs, back end development addresses server-side web application logic and integration. Back end developers write code to help a database and application communicate. Essentially, a back end developer handles what you don’t see; they are in charge of the back end of a website, which includes servers, databases, and applications.

Backend Development languages

The back end portion is built by using some languages like –

  • PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. Since PHP code executed on the server side so it is called server-side scripting language.
  • C++: It is a general purpose programming language and widely used now a days for competitive programming. It is also used as backend language.
  • Java: Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language and platform. It is highly scalable. Java components are easily available.
  • Python: Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript can be used as both (front end and back end) programming languages.
  • Node.js: Node.js is an open source and cross-platform runtime environment for executing JavaScript code outside of a browser. 

Backend Frameworks

  • Express
  • Django
  • Rails
  • Laravel
  • Spring
  • CakePHP
  • Flask
  • Asp .NET
  • Koa

Also Read: Top 10 Web Development Frameworks You Need in 2021

Backend Developer Skills

Back end developers are responsible for making web pages and applications work through back end languages and frameworks such as Java or Ruby on Rails. They also monitor how the site is working and make changes and updates to improve the behind-the-scenes functionality.

Some of the skills required for back end developer jobs include:

  • Database management
  • Framework utilization
  • Programming
  • Knowledge of accessibility and security compliance

Backend Jobs

  • Back End Developer
  • Java Developer
  • DevOps Engineer
  • Software Engineer
  • iOS Developer

Backend Development Salary

USA : The average salary of back end developers in the US falls between $123,000 and $ 164,000 depending on job location, skills, experience, and company. The location offering its back end developers the highest pay is South Florida Bay Area at $164,000, followed by New York at $150,665, and Seattle at $147,222.

India : The average base salary of a back end developer in India is 7,92,000 per annum. The base average pay of a back end developer can up to a maximum of 1,733,000 per annum depending on different factors. In addition to your skills and experience, there are other factors as well that play an important role in determining your salary.

Now that we have some idea about Frontend and Backend Development, Let’s take a look at what Full-Stack Development is !

Full-Stack Development

As a developer, you don’t have to settle for just frontend or backend; you can do both as a full-stack developer. This is, in my experience, where the fun begins. Full-stack developers can create sites and web applications that render both on the client-side (frontend) and the server-side (backend).

They also create services, components and APIs that encapsulate business logic, solve specific business problems and access infrastructure such as databases, file servers, cloud services and more.

Wrapping up

By now, the difference between the frontend and backend should be more evident, as well as the different activities carried by developers that work on both ends of the wire. In practical terms, the frontend means the browser and the backend, the server or, more recently, the cloud.

If you like user interfaces, are keen on sound design and like the visual aspects of creating apps, then perhaps the frontend is where you want to spend your time as a software developer. The frontend is exciting not only visually, but also from a programming standpoint; you will spend endless hours writing logic that will make your site look and behave the way the designers intended.

If you like to spend your time solving business problems, writing algorithms, working in the cloud, and creating services and APIs, then the backend is for you.

If you enjoy both and feel equally excited and comfortable with all aspects of web application creation, then a career as a full-stack developer is what you want.

Whatever path you choose, there has never been a better time to be a software developer.

Namaste !

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