How To Become A Successful Full Stack Developer In 2021

By – HtmlCssMonk

full stack developer

In the modern world, if we talk about professional versatility, there’s no one better than a Full Stack Developer to represent the term “versatile.” Well-versed in both frontend and backend web development, Full Stack Developers are the multi-talented professionals that every company and brand covets. 

Since the dawn of the digital era, more and more companies and organizations are creating their unique online presence through their websites. Naturally, the domain of web development is witnessing a growth like never before, thanks to which the demand for experienced and skilled Full Stack Developers has spiked considerably.

That’s why we’re going to devote some time to explore one of those fascinating and rewarding positions in today’s IT industry: the Full Stack developer. We will touch upon what that entails, why you should become one, and how to go about doing it. This article is also useful for those of you who are already developers but you’re interested in upskilling. After all, there’s no such as having too many skills, right? The more versatile a developer, the more sought after they are to businesses and organizations.

Also Read: Frontend vs Backend: Find Out Which One Is For You !

What does Full Stack even mean ?

Full Stack is a term used to describe developers, though sometimes it’s used in the context of engineers.

There are three parts to this kind of development. There’s the Front End, which covers the parts of a website/application that users interact with, and the Back End, which includes the parts of an app that no one sees, but essentially run things. Back end details include user validation, server configuration, logical processes, and database-related processes.

Finally, there’s Full Stack, which covers both the front and back end of an app or website.

What is a Full-Stack Developer?

Full stack developers are developers who work with both the front and back end of a website or application. They’re familiar with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and one or more back end languages. Hence the term “full stack”—they’ve got all the web development skills to build sites and apps from start to finish.

As a rule, a Full Stack developer may find themselves working exclusively on a site’s back or front end code, but by the very nature of the position, they should be ready to jump in on any part of the development process. Consider them a jack-of-all-trades, a utility infielder, or an all-purpose resource.

The bottom line, a Full Stack developer is someone who understands everything that’s happening that every stage of the development process and can make it all work smoothly.

Skills required to become a Full Stack Developer


While HTML stands for Hypertext Markup LanguageCSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. HTML is used for adding web content, and CSS is a personalization tool for designing and styling a website. Both HTML and CSS determine the look and feel of a website, which ultimately plays a major role in attracting prospective customers. 

Full Stack Developers have to work with HTML to define the structure of web pages by using markup. They must also be proficient in CSS for effective presentation of the HTML elements. Full Stack Developers must have extensive knowledge in both of these programming languages for creating an interactive, intuitive, and engaging frontend for applications. 

Also Read: 15 Important HTML Tags Every Programmer should Know

2. JavaScript

When it comes to web and software development, JavaScript is a mandatory Full Stack Developer skill. The object-oriented scripting language is mostly used for adding behaviors using HTML. It is one of the most widely used languages for writing frontend and backend code for servers. Furthermore, JavaScript is the only programming language that can run natively in the browser and on the server-side (Node.js). 

Full Stack Developers must have in-depth knowledge of JavaScript along with its concepts and features like React and Angular. One of the best things about JavaScript is that it includes numerous useful features, including functions, prototypes, higher-order event delegation, and closure, which help create responsive web pages. It is also mandatory for Full Stack Developers to upgrade their JavaScript knowledge as and when new frameworks, libraries, and tools are launched. Apart from this, Full Stack Developers must know how to use DOM and JSON.

Also Read: 15 Tips To Become a Better JavaScript Programmer !

3. Git and GitHub 

Every developer, as well as aspiring developers, has heard of Git. It is an open-source “distributed version control system” that can handle all your development needs. It promises speed and efficiency for both small and large-scale projects. With Git, developers can seamlessly manage all the changes made to applications, codes, websites, documents, and other information associated with software/application development. Professional developers usually have a GitHub profile, which is compulsory if working in a team. 

As for Full Stack Developers, Git allows them to track every minor modification done to the application codebase. They must be aware of all the basic Git commands and examples. Using Git empowers Full Stack Developers to explore unique opportunities for security, productivity, and management. Knowledge of Git allows Full Stack Developers to better collaborate and cooperate with their fellow developers/programmers who are working on the same project. 

4. Backend languages

While we’ve covered the two most critical frontend languages, HTML and CSS (along with JavaScript), the other pivotal part of an application or software is the backend. While backend development is a whole different game, there’s plenty of programming languages to choose from. 

A Full Stack Developer must know at least a few of these languages for backend development:

  • PHP – One of the most popular choices for backend development, PHP is an open-source, cross-platform compatible language that can work seamlessly on Unix, macOS, and Windows. 
  • Python – Python’s English-like syntax, smooth learning curve, and a vast assortment of libraries and frameworks is what makes it extremely popular among developers and coders around the world. 
  • Ruby – Ruby is a robust programming language. An active community of developers backs it, but it also boasts of excellent documentation and dependencies, making it the ideal choice for backend development.
  • Java – Java is a multipurpose programming language. It can be used for web, desktop, and mobile application development. Plus, Java has a wide range of frameworks that further simplify the process of backend development.

5. Databases/Web Storage

Building websites and applications mean that you will need web storage in order to store all those new data. Therefore, a good developer grasps the concepts of relational databases and memory storage, as well as understanding how to best link a database with your chosen back end language.

6. Web Architecture

Now we are getting into a more advanced skill. A good Full Stack developer must become familiar with how to structure their code, how to separate and store certain files, large file storage methods, how to structure the data in databases, and where each computational task should be located (and that’s for both the client AND the server side!). The very nature of design project complexity makes these sorts of skills mandatory.

A good Full Stack developer must demonstrate proficiency in all of the above skills in order to make themselves a viable candidate for a good position. Lock these up and you will have mastered the requirements for becoming a web developer and be ahead of the pack.

7. Soft skills

It takes a certain set of skills, combined with particular personality traits, to make a good Full Stack developer.

A good full stack developer is characterized by the following traits:

  • Discipline
  • An analytical mind
  • A love for learning
  • Attention to detail
  • Patience
  • Creative vision

Full Stack Developer Salary

India: It can be confidently stated that Full Stack Developers Salary in India is lucrative. On average, they earn INR 6,23,920 per annum. For a fresh graduate, average entry-level full stack developer salary in India is ₹375,000 per annum. An early career full stack developer with 1-4 years of experience earn an average of ₹553,006 annually. An employee with 5-9 years of experience would have the potential to secure between INR 12-14 lakhs.

USA: If you’re just starting out as a Full Stack developer, you can earn a $60,263 in an entry-level position. Salaries for the average Full Stack developer in the United States are in the $112,000 range. There are companies out there that will go as high as $150,000 USD for developers who have a particular set of skills best suited for the hiring organization.

Pros and Cons of Going Full Stack

Here’s a quick breakdown of the pros and cons of full stack.


  • Can work more easily on small teams or tech startups where there are fewer developer jobs to go around
  • Full stack developers know how to communicate with both front end developers and back end developers, helping cut down on lots of confusion
  • They can solve all problems at once—not just surface-level development needs


  • The biggest argument against full stack (we think) is this: If you’re not specialized, is the quality of your code ever going to be as good as it could be?
  • It’s hard to prioritize projects
  • You may find that companies that hire you for both front end and back end development expect you to do more work than you can complete in a 40-hour workweek (i.e. the cutting corners approach to a web development budget.


There are lots of great job boards out there specifically for full stack roles, but you can also search general job boards for common full stack developer job titles.



Plug these common titles into your job searches to find some openings that require full stack web development skills. And don’t forget to read job descriptions closely—sometimes a job title may not seem like a full stack role, but really when you read the listing, it is.

  • Junior Full Stack Developer
  • Full Stack Developer
  • Full Stack Engineer
  • Software Development Engineer
  • Full Stack Software Engineer
  • API Engineer

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Wrapping up

Becoming a Full Stack Web Developer requires good amount of effort and dedication. But is it worth all the effort? Yes, it definitely is. It is the most valued designation and once you practice Full Stack Web Development, you’ll become a master of the web.

Start learning HTMLCSS and JavaScript.

Test your skills with Amazing Quizzes.

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