HTML is a standard markup language used by the browser to manipulate text, images and other content to display it in required format on a web page. Each page contains a series of connections to other pages called hyperlinks. Every web page you see on the Internet is written using one version or another of HTML .
While creating a Web page, the only limitation we have is our own imagination.HTML-CSS MONK
In simple terms, a Web page (or HTML document) is a plain text file that has been encoded using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) so that it appears nicely formatted in a Web browser.
Here’s what HTML means, word-by-word:
- Hypertext – Text that you click to jump from document to document. This is a reference to the ability of Web pages to link to one another.
- Markup – Tags that apply layout and formatting conventions to plain text. Literally, the plain text is “marked up” with the tags.
- Language – A reference to the fact that HTML is considered a Markup language.
Important: HTML is not a programming language.
What is HTML ?
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language .
- HTML was developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991 .
- Html is used for creating a static web page .
- HTML consists of a series of elements .
- HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content .
- HTML elements are represented by tags.
- Browsers do not display the HTML tags , but use them to render the content of the page.
Page Structure in HTML
<!Doctype html> -This declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
- <html> – This is called HTML root element and used to wrap all the code.
- <head> – Head tag contains metadata, title, CSS page etc.
- <title> – This element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab).
- <body> – This section contains everything that’s viewable on the browser. For example, all the text seen here is contained in the body tags.
Elements and Tags
- HTML uses predefined tags and elements which tells the browser about content display property. If a tag is not closed then browser applies that effect till end of page.
The main parts of our element are as follows:
- The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element (in this case, h1), wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets. This states where the element begins or starts to take effect — in this case where the heading begins.
- The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the heading ends. Failing to add a closing tag is one of the standard beginner errors and can lead to strange results.
- The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case, is just text.
- The element: The opening tag, the closing tag, and the content together comprise the element.
History of HTML
Next topic – Basics Of HTML