Top 10 Web Development Frameworks You Need In 2021

By – HtmlCssMonk

Frameworks have become an essential part of web development. As the standards of web applications are always rising, so does the complexity of the technology needed.

There are trillions of websites on the internet, and not all of them are successful. A lot goes into the process of web development.

It is not an easy job for a web developer to develop a website. Right from conceptualizing the idea and converting it into a fully-functional website, there are too many things involved. But one of the most crucial things or rather the backbone of any website is the framework on which it is developed.

 You must choose the framework that fits all your requirements in terms of scalability and robustness and must be in sync with your future business goals.

Today, we are going to learn about some of the top frameworks (Front-end as well as Back-end) you should learn in 2021. So, without much ado, let’s get started.

Top 5 Front-end Frameworks

1. React

React is more a front-end JavaScript library than a development framework. However, many web developers consider it to fit into the latter category as well, thanks to its component-based architecture. It was one of the first frameworks to leverage a virtual Document Object Model (DOM), which enables you to make changes to data in a document without affecting its presentation in the browser.

Created in 2013 and maintained by Facebook, React serves as an open-source framework that is made up of a library ecosystem and reusable User Interface (UI) components, which can be used for both server- and client-side web development projects.

Pros of React –

  • Virtual DOM
  • Efficiency
  • High Performance
  • Downward Data Flow
  • Reusable Components
  • Huge Community
  • Easy to use Tools

Cons of React-

  • Poor Documentation
  • Confusing JSX
  • Complicated SEO
  • A narrow focus on UI

2. Vue

Vue.js is another popular JavaScript framework for web development. It’s considered a progressive option that includes a component architecture, and a scalable ecosystem that’s useful for building front-end applications.

One of the biggest advantages of using Vue.js is its versatility. Depending on the complexity of your project, you can use it as a JavaScript library or a complete front-end framework.

Pros of Vue –

  • Tiny size
  • Virtual DOM rendering and performance
  • Two-way data binding
  • Component reusability
  • Easy code readability
  • Good for unit-testing
  • Solid tooling ecosystem
  • Easy to learn
  • Ease of integration
  • Concise documentation

Cons of Vue –

  • Language barrier
  • Fewer Plugins/Components
  • Issues with iOS & Safari
  • More Flexible than Needed
  • Small Community

3. Angular

Also referred to as AngularJS, the Angular framework comes from Google, which helps solidify it as one of the most popular options out there. This open-source JavaScript framework is particularly useful if you’re building large-scale, high-performance web applications and websites. It’s even been used to create sites like Netflix.

In addition to HTML and CSS, Angular uses Typescript, which is a JavaScript superset. It also comes with tools that help you achieve consistent coding in your projects.

Pros of Angular –

  • Two-way Data Binding
  • Custom Directives
  • Dependency Injection
  • MVC Architecture implementation
  • Enhanced Design Architecture
  • Modules

Cons of Angular –

  • Limited SEO Options
  • Difficult to Learn
  • CLI Documentation is Lacking Details
  • Too Many Versions 
  • A Lot of Boilerplate Code 

4. jQuery

jQuery is a very small yet fast JavaScript library that is known to simplify the whole process of front-end development. It is one of the easiest frameworks to learn, and this is the reason why most companies offering web development services prefer using this language for their front-end development. 

Most developers love using jQuery is because of its compatibility with almost every browser. Also, jQuery has rich support of plugins, which makes the work of a developer quite easy. 

Many top companies like Twitter, Uber, Microsoft, Pandora, Kickstarter, and SurveyMonkey are already using this JavaScript library.

Pros of jQuery –

  • Compatible with all browsers
  • Easy to use
  • Beginner-friendly
  • Good plugin support
  • Large developers’ community
  • Built-in UI and effects libraries
  • Easily add Ajax functionality to an app
  • Lightweight
  • Faster programming
  • Great API documentation

Cons of jQuery –

  • Slower than CSS
  • Not meant for complex projects
  • Not good for mobile app development

5. Ember

If you’re an experienced web developer looking for a robust and reliable framework, Ember is a solid option worth considering. This JavaScript framework, first released in 2011, is popular among seasoned developers. It features an impressive array of core features and tools that make building complex web applications easier.

Used by companies such as Netflix, LinkedIn, and Apple, Ember boasts itself as a “framework for ambitious developers”. It has a massive, supportive, and helpful community that is composed of dedicated developers who are passionate about its ability to enhance their productivity.

Pros of Ember –

  • Two-way data binding
  • Best architectures
  • Great for developing complex applications

Cons of Ember –

  • Difficult to learn
  • A small community
  • Lesser Plugins

Top 5 Back-end Frameworks

1. Django

Django is a Model View Template (MVT) framework that runs on the popular programming language Python. Created in 2003, this free, open-source framework is used by Instagram and built on helpful development philosophies such as Convention Over Configuration (CoC) and Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) patterns.

It categories itself as a “batteries included” framework, coming with a ton of helpful features and tools. This includes authentication and admin interfacing, temporary and sessions-based messaging, and Google sitemap XML generation.

Pros of Django –

  • Highly customizable
  • Scalable
  • Flexible
  • Batteries included
  • Highly secure

Cons of Django –

  • Lack of convention
  • Speed
  • Not good for smaller apps

2. NodeJs

Interestingly Node is a JavaScript framework that is used for server-side scripting. It is not actually a framework but a runtime environment that is based on Chrome’s V8 JS Engine.

Node JS gained much popularity when the MEAN stack concept was introduced that allows its integration with Angular JS and Express JS aligned with MongoDB Database. 

Over a period of time, Node has emerged and improvised quite significantly and rooted its place in best web development frameworks catalog.

Pros of NodeJS –

  • Better efficiency
  • Code reusability
  • Better speed
  • High Performance
  • Scalability
  • Easy to learn
  • Free tool
  • Good support of plugins
  • Cost-effective
  • Large community support
  • Improves response time
  • Rich ecosystem

Cons of NodeJS –

  • Not good for heavy tasks
  • Callback hell issue
  • Immaturity of tooling
  • Unstable API
  • Asynchronous Programming Model

3. Laravel

Created in 2011 by Taylor Otwell, Laravel is one of the newer frameworks to be included on this list. It uses the MVC architectural pattern, and is largely popular for running on PHP, a primary programming language.

Some of the advantages of using Laravel are that it comes with API support, and it offers a library of modular packages and tools for extending its purpose and functionality.

The platform also offers Laravel Vapor. Powered by Amazon Web Services (AWS), this solution provides you with a serverless deployment platform that includes on-demand auto-scaling and no maintenance.

Pros of Laravel –

  • Variety of tools
  • Easy to learn
  • The model-view-controller structure
  • Elegant Object Relational Mapping support
  • Blade template engine
  • Dependency injection
  • Great documentation
  • Agile development process
  • Reverse routing

Cons of Laravel –

  • Lack of in-built support
  • Too many updates

4. Ruby on Rails

Commonly referred to as ‘RoR’, the Ruby on Rails framework is one of the most popular options out there. Written in 2005 by David Heinemeier Hansson, Ruby on Rails is a free, open-source framework that runs on Linux and comes with everything you need to develop web applications quickly.

It also uses Ruby and a Model View Controller pattern that is useful for developing database-driven applications. As one of the earlier back-end frameworks, Ruby influenced many of the solutions that came after it, such as Angular and Vue.js.

Some of the most notable users of Ruby on Rails include Hulu, AirBnB, Shopify, and Github.

Pros of RoR –

  • Multiple libraries
  • Variety of plugins
  • Easy to code
  • Easy to learn
  • Clear syntax
  • Large community
  • Speedy development process

Cons of RoR-

  • Runtime speed and performance
  • Less flexible
  • high development cost

5. CakePHP

CakePHP is the first framework of PHP which was introduced in 2005.

Business owners prefer using CakePHP development services for their projects as this is one of the easiest to use back-end development frameworks and lets you create an app really fast.

This framework follows the model–view–controller approach and is known to create simpler, fast, and secure web apps.

Pros of CakePHP –

  • Built-in ORM
  • Easy to customize
  • Easy to learn
  • Lesser codes
  • Automatic routing
  • Highly secure
  • Flexible
  • To many plugins

Cons of CakePHP –

  • More suited to older PHP versions
  • More complex as compared to Laravel

Wrapping Up

Choosing a web development framework for your project can be a rather tricky process. However, there are several ways you can benefit from using a popular solution. You can leverage the various benefits popular frameworks offer, such as enhanced credibility, and rely on a vibrant community of developers.

These were the top 10 web development frameworks that are going to rule 2021 also. So, if you are also planning to mark your online presence or looking to scale up your business operations via launching your own website or web app, this list will surely help you in finding the right technology for your project.

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